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  HCMG Demonstration Garden Plant List

 

Visit the Hill Country Master Gardener's Demonstration Garden at 3775 Highway 27 East next to the Kerr County Youth Event Center
 


American Beautyberry     Callicarpa americana

USE: Deciduous ornamental shrub prized for purple fall berries
EXPOSURE: Best suited to semi-shaded sites
WATER: Medium
BLOOM PERIOD: Tiny pink flowers in spring followed by huge clusters of shiny purple berries in fall
HEIGHT: 4' - 6'    WIDTH: 4' - 6'

COMMENTS: Birds and all wildlife love the berries; a good food source; flowers on NEW GROWTH, so do not prune in spring; can be pruned by half in the winter to keep compact; native to Texas


Artemisia     Artemisia 'Powis Castle'

USE: Perennial prized for feathery gray foliage
EXPOSURE: Full sun; part sun
WATER: Very low
BLOOM PERIOD: Inconspicuous flowers; cut flowers to preserve beauty of foliage
HEIGHT: 2' - 3'    WIDTH: 2' - 3'

COMMENTS: Deer resistant; prune in spring to maintain compact shape and size; do not cut all the way to the ground

Autumn Sage/Cherry Sage    
Salvia greggii  

USE: Evergreen Texas native
EXPOSURE: Full sun to partial shade
WATER: Drought tolerant
BLOOM PERIOD: Spring to frost
HEIGHT: 2' - 3'    WIDTH: 2' - 3'

COMMENTS: Many colors and varieties; attracts hummingbirds; shear back in Jan/Feb and again in July for a less woody, fuller plant and more blooms

Bamboo Muhly    
Muhlenbergia dumosa

USE: Semi-evergreen ornamental grass; native to Arizona and Mexico
EXPOSURE: Full sun/light shade
WATER: Low water usage; heat and drought tolerant
BLOOM PERIOD: late summer into winter
HEIGHT: 4' - 6’    WIDTH: 4' - 5’

COMMENTS: Non-invasive; does not seed well; seed stalks are
straw-colored and fine-textured

Bat-faced Cuphea    
Cuphea llavea

USE: Colorful perennial
EXPOSURE: Full sun; part shade
WATER: Low; drought tolerant
BLOOM PERIOD: Late spring to fall
HEIGHT: 2' - 3'     WIDTH: 3'

COMMENTS: Unique color arrangement on bloom gives this plant its name; easy to grow; no major pests or diseases


Bicolor Iris    
Dietes bicolor

USE: Drought tolerant perennial plant, attractive to bees and butterflies
EXPOSURE: Sun; part shade
WATER: Low
BLOOM PERIOD:  Spring to early summer, flowers creamy yellow with markings
HEIGHT:  4'   WIDTH: 2' - 3'

COMMENTS: Deer resistant; forms clumps of long, narrow, iris-like foliage; well adapted to Texas

Bird of Paradise, Yellow     Caesalpinia gilliesii

USE: Very attractive ornamental specimen
EXPOSURE: Full sun for best flowering
WATER: Needs adequate moisture
BLOOM PERIOD: Late spring to fall
HEIGHT:  4' - 5'    WIDTH: 2' - 3'

COMMENTS: Highly deer resistant; does best when grown in rich, loamy soil with good drainage; remove frost damage or prune to ground in late winter; fertilize before new growth begins in spring and every three months during the growing season
 


Blackfoot Daisy    
Melampodium leucanthum 

USE: Evergreen Texas native
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Very low water usage
BLOOM PERIOD: Spring to frost
HEIGHT: 6" - 12"     WIDTH:12"

COMMENTS: Excellent for rock gardens; small daisy-like blooms all spring and summer; self-sows; deer resistant; prune back when gets leggy


Bulbine    
Bulbine frutescens

USE: Evergreen clump-forming succulent with delicate, unusual flower spikes, useful in xeric, rock and cactus gardens
EXPOSURE: Sun
WATER: Very low
BLOOM PERIOD: Spring through summer; yellow and orange flowering selections available.
HEIGHT: 1' - 2'     WIDTH: 3' - 4'

COMMENTS: Cylindrical, fleshy leaves, usually upright; plants spread by rhizomes; trim old bloom stalks as they decline; native to South Africa; treat as annual in unprotected areas during severe cold

Bur Oak    
Quercus macrocarpa

USE: Tough, deciduous shade tree
EXPOSURE: Sun
WATER: Very low
BLOOM PERIOD: N/A
HEIGHT/WIDTH: Can exceed 100'

COMMENTS: Drought tolerant, long-lived and moderate growth rate;  exhibits nice fall color; produces golf-ball sized acorns; good butterfly larvae plant; native to Texas
 

Burford Holly     Ilex cornuta 'Dwarf Burford'

USE: Evergreen shrub or hedge; can be pruned to small tree
EXPOSURE: Sun/part shade
WATER: Low; drought tolerant
BLOOM PERIOD: Blooms small creamy white flowers in spring; attracts bees
HEIGHT/WIDTH: 4' - 6'    

COMMENTS: Bright red berries in fall attract birds; glossy evergreen leaves with pointed tips
 

Bush Morning Glory     
Ipomoea carnea

USE: Tender perennial
EXPOSURE: Full sun or part shade
WATER: Low: drought tolerant
BLOOM PERIOD: Spring through summer
HEIGHT: 8' - 10'     WIDTH: 3' - 6''

COMMENTS: Attracts butterflies, hummingbirds, and bees; large flowers that bloom repeatedly; blooms fade as the sun warms; available in pink, violet/lavender, or white


Butterfly Bush    
Buddleia davidii

USE: Perennial
EXPOSURE: Full sun or light shade
WATER: Moderate to regular; blooms best with medium water usage
BLOOM PERIOD: Spring, summer, fall
HEIGHT: 3' - 8'    WIDTH: 4' - 6'

COMMENTS: Attracts butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds; shear back after blooms fade to encourage more blooming; then in spring, prune severely to preserve a shrub-like shape


'Cecile Brunner' Climbing Rose    
Rosa 'Cecile Brunner'

USE:  Adapted plant, almost thornless; fragrant flowers for cutting
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Regularly to establish; sporadically in extreme heat
BLOOM PERIOD: Spring; sporadically in summer
HEIGHT/WIDTH: 10' - 20'

COMMENTS: Needs strong support; small, delicately pointed buds open to fragrant, light pink, double blooms in large sprays

Cedar Sage     Salvia roemeriana

USE: Perennial with scalloped, round, fuzzy leaves and red flowers
EXPOSURE: Shade; part shade
WATER: Low
BLOOM PERIOD: March to August; 2 to 3 inch red flower spikes lasting 4 - 6 weeks
HEIGHT/WIDTH: 1' - 2'

COMMENTS: Likes well-drained soil; good ground cover plant under Ashe juniper; very deer resistant; native to Texas
 

Century Plant     Agave Americana

USE: Dramatic evergreen ornamental; native to Mexico
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Low water usage
BLOOM PERIOD: Doesn’t bloom until decade or so old (not a century!), then plant dies
HEIGHT: 4' - 8’     WIDTH: 6' - 12’

COMMENTS: Give it plenty of room, away from pedestrian traffic; use extreme care when working around it; can be poisonous

 


Chile Pequin     Capsicum annuum

USE: Prized hot pepper, both ornamental and edible (HOT)
EXPOSURE: Sun/part shade
WATER: Likes moist soil
BLOOM PERIOD: Lovely white flowers; green pepper appears after flower drops; turns red as matures; May through October
HEIGHT/WIDTH: 1' - 3'

COMMENTS: Very deer resistant; beautiful in mass plantings; birds love the peppers; native to Texas

Copper Canyon Daisy    
Tagetes lemmonii

USE: Perennial shrub
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Low; needs well-drained soil
BLOOM PERIOD: During short-day seasons - spring & fall
HEIGHT: 4'     WIDTH: 4'

COMMENTS: Likes caliche soil; good companion plant to Mexican Bush Sage and Fall Aster; extremely deer-resistant

Coral Honeysuckle     Lonicera sempervirens

USE: Great vine for pergolas, trellises; flowers attract hummingbirds; berries attract birds
EXPOSURE: Sun/part shade
WATER: Low to medium
BLOOM PERIOD: Low to medium
HEIGHT: 16’    WIDTH: 6' - 12’

COMMENTS: Semi-evergreen; coral tubular flowers; will thrive in various soils; prune to direct and control growth; tamer vine suitable for smaller structures

Coreopsis   Coreopsis lanceleolata

Use: Herbaceous perennial in Asteraceae family; bright yellow flowers May to August; plant forms neat clumps
Exposure: Full sun
Water: Dry to medium
Bloom Period: May to August
Height/Width: 1' - 2'

Comments: Deadhead old blooms for repeat flowering; deer resistant; attracts butterflies; large-flowered native is commonly known as tickseed

Crossvine     Bignonia capreolata

USE: Native, high-climbing flowering vine
EXPOSURE: Full sun to part shade; blooms best in full sun
WATER: Tolerates low water; grows more in moist soil
BLOOM PERIOD: 2 - 3 weeks in spring
HEIGHT: 35' - 50' (can reach 70' in some areas)     WIDTH: 5' - 9'

COMMENTS:  Brick-red and yellow trumpet shaped flowers; evergreen; profuse flowering during short bloom time that coincides with hummingbird migration; tendrils have little claws that allow vine to climb on walls and fences without support

Culinary Sage     Salvia officinalis

USE: Use leaves for meat, poultry, fish, stews; attracts butterflies
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Requires well-drained soil
BLOOM PERIOD: Late spring
HEIGHT: 18" - 36”     WIDTH: 2' - 3'   

COMMENTS: Perennial shrub-like plant with gray-green leaves and purple flowers; harvest leaves when flowering begins; tolerates shallow, rocky soil; deer resistant; replace after 3 or 4 years when plant becomes woody

Duranta/Sky Flower    
Duranta erecta

USE: Perennial shrub or small tree; must be treated as annual root-hardy perennial from south central Texas and north
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Medium
BLOOM PERIOD: Summer
HEIGHT: 4' - 5'    WIDTH: 4' - 5'

COMMENTS: Glossy green leaves with dangling blue flowers are followed by berry-like yellow fruit

Esperanza, Yellow Bells    
Tecoma stans

USE: Deciduous perennial
EXPOSURE: Full sun; heat tolerant
WATER: Low to medium
BLOOM PERIOD: Spring through fall
HEIGHT: 4' - 8'     WIDTH: 4' - 6'

COMMENTS: Very showy blooms; remove seed pods as they develop to maximize blooming; cut back and mulch during winter; not always winter-hardy; some report that it is deer-resistant, others report it is not

Fall Aster    
Aster oblongifolium

USE: Evergreen perennial
EXPOSURE: Full sun to partial shade
WATER: Low water usage
BLOOM PERIOD: In fall for about 3 weeks
HEIGHT: 2' - 3'     WIDTH: 3'

COMMENTS: Attracts butterflies; deer-resistant; spectacular while in bloom
 

Firebush  
Hamelia patens

USE:
Perennial in the southern half of the state; large bush or small tree
EXPOSURE: Full sun to part shade
WATER:
Low
BLOOM PERIOD:
Showy red-orange, tubular flowers in a 4’ - 5’ mound in summer until frost
HEIGHT:
3' - 8'   WIDTH: 5' - 7'

COMMENTS:
Nectar source for Black Swallowtail, Zebra Longwing, hummingbirds; requires well-drained soil; foliage bright red before it freezes back; re-sprouts in spring; drought tolerant; deer resistant

Flame Acanthus   Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii

USE:
Airy perennial shrub with small flame-like blooms native to Texas
EXPOSURE: Full sun/partial shade
WATER:
Very low; extremely drought-tolerant
BLOOM PERIOD:
Summer to fall
HEIGHT/ WIDTH:
3 - 4'    

COMMENTS:
Very deer resistant; attracts hummingbirds and butterflies; cut back by half each spring; reseeds prolifically

Flat-Leaf Parsley     Petroselinum crispum var. neapolitanum

USE: Culinary herb with aromatic foliage; attractive to bees and butterflies; larval host for swallowtails
EXPOSURE: Sun to part shade
WATER: Medium
BLOOM PERIOD: Late winter to early spring
HEIGHT: 18" - 24”    WIDTH: 12" - 24"

COMMENTS: Biennial if bloom stalks are cut at emergence from the crown of the plant; often grown as annual; does not like extreme heat; does well in containers or garden; likes richer, moister soil

Flowering Senna    
Cassia corymbosa

USE: Semi-evergreen shrub or small tree
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Low to medium
BLOOM PERIOD: Summer and fall with showy yellow flowers
HEIGHT: 4' - 8'    WIDTH: 4' - 8'

COMMENTS: Very deer resistant; dangling green/brown seed pods; protect in extremely cold weather

Four Nerve Daisy   Tetraneuris scaposa

USE:
Low-growing dainty yellow daisy with grass-like evergreen foliage
EXPOSURE:
Sun to part shade
WATER:
Low water usage; needs good drainage
BLOOM PERIOD:
March through October
HEIGHT:
1'     WIDTH: 1' - 2'

COMMENTS:
Deer resistant; attracts butterflies; good plant for rock gardens and borders

Garlic Chives  
Allium tuberosum

USE:
Leaves can be used as a mild garlic seasoning when added fresh before serving; flowers are edible; used in fresh and dried flower arrangements; small clumps make attractive borders
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER:
Low
BLOOM PERIOD: 
August - September
HEIGHT:
18"     WIDTH: 6"

COMMENTS:
Prefer light, rich, moist soil; prune blooms to promote growth of new leaves; cut back leaves frequently to promote thick growth; divide established plants every third year; deer resistant

Greek Oregano     Origanum vulgare hirtum

USE: Culinary herb in mint family; sometimes called Italian oregano; grown for its leaves; can be dried or frozen
EXPOSURE: Prefers full sun; some afternoon shade in summer heat;
WATER: Water weekly/bi-weekly during dry periods; prefers well-drained soil; withstands droughts very well
BLOOM PERIOD: Small white flowers in summer
HEIGHT: 1' - 2'    SPACING: 10" - 12"

COMMENTS: Hardy perennial; for containers or garden; average soil; do not fertilize or will be flavorless; harvest young leaves in morning when the oils are strongest; cut flower buds to prevent bitter flavor

Gregg's Mistflower    
Conoclinium greggii 

USE: Flowering plant that attracts butterflies in great numbers
EXPOSURE: Full sun to partial shade
WATER: Moderate
BLOOM PERIOD: Late spring to frost
HEIGHT: 1' - 2'    WIDTH: Spreading

COMMENTS: Can be invasive, but easily divided and shared; keep contained if necessary

Gulf Muhly     Muhlenbergia capillaris

USE: Native, deciduous ornamental grass
EXPOSURE: Sun to part shade
WATER: Low to moderate water; heat and drought tolerant
BLOOM PERIOD: August through November
HEIGHT: 2' - 4'   WIDTH: 2' - 4'

COMMENTS: Striking pink, feathery seed heads attract birds; extremely deer resistant

Hyacinth Bean Vine     Dolichos lablab

USE: Great annual vine for pergolas, trellises, fences; attracts butterflies
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Average, but regular
BLOOM PERIOD: Mid-summer to early fall; showy seeds pods in fall
HEIGHT: 10' - 15'    WIDTH: 3' - 6'

COMMENTS: Purple flowers followed by showy purple seedpods; plant seed after all danger of frost has passed; often reseeds in spring; fast-growing; needs strong support; dies with first freeze; raw bean seeds are poisonous; must be boiled for long time to be safe to eat

Indigo Spires Sage    
Salvia 'Indigo Spires'

USE: Tender perennial
EXPOSURE: Full sun to partial shade
WATER: Low to medium
BLOOM PERIOD: Blue-purple spikes continuously spring to frost
HEIGHT: 3' - 4'    WIDTH: 4' - 5'

COMMENTS: Shear back by 1/3 in mid-summer; allow room to sprawl; extremely deer resistant

Jerusalem Sage     Phlomis fruticosa

USE: Evergreen perennial
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Low
BLOOM PERIOD: Yellow blooms spring and summer
HEIGHT: 2' - 3'   WIDTH: 3' - 4'

COMMENTS: Easy to grow; deer resistant; remove spent blooms to encourage more blooms

Lamb's Ear     Stachys byzantine

USE: Low growing spreader for dry areas
EXPOSURE: Dappled shade
WATER: Low water, poor soil
BLOOM PERIOD: 12-inch purple spikes in spring
HEIGHT: 6" - 8"    WIDTH: 12"

COMMENTS: Grown primarily for fuzzy, pale grey-green foliage; often recommended for children’s gardens because of soft feel; do not water from above as leaves will rot; deer resistant; native to Turkey, Armenia, Iran
 

Lantana, common    
Lantana camara

USE: Evergreen, flowering shrub
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Drought and heat tolerant
BLOOM PERIOD: Spring to frost
HEIGHT: 3' - 4'    WIDTH: 1' - 3'

COMMENTS: Low maintenance and Texas tough in any well-drained soil; regular fertilization creates more blooms; deer-resistant; will die back and return in late spring when soil has warmed; attracts butterflies

Lantana 'New Gold'    
Lantana x hybrida 'New Gold'

USE: Flowering shrub
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Drought and heat tolerant
BLOOM PERIOD: Late spring to frost
HEIGHT: 1' - 3'    WIDTH: 1' - 4'

COMMENTS: As name implies, deep gold blooms; trailing and is usually evergreen though can die back

Lavender 'Provence'     Lavandula x intermedia 'Provence'

USE: Fragrant; valued for scent; good cut or dried flowers; attracts butterflies and bees
EXPOSURE: Thrives in warm climates and full sun
WATER: Drought tolerant; needs well-drained soil
BLOOM PERIOD: Light lavender spikes early to late summer
HEIGHT: 1' - 2'    WIDTH: 2' - 3'

COMMENTS: Takes about 3 years for lavender to reach full size; mulch and protect in winter; prune after flowering to keep neat and compact; deer resistant

Lavender 'Spanish'     Lavandula stoechas

USE: Fragrant; various culinary uses; good cut or dried flowers; attracts butterflies and bees
EXPOSURE: Thrives in warm climates and full sun
WATER: Drought tolerant; needs well-drained soil
BLOOM PERIOD: Lavender-to-purple spikes early to late summer
HEIGHT/WIDTH: 18" - 24"

COMMENTS: Takes about 3 years for lavender to reach full size; mulch and protect in winter; prune after flowering to keep neat and compact; deer resistant

Leadwort Plumbago     Ceratostigma plumbaginoides

USE: Groundcover; adds great color; will grow in rock garden, between rocks in a wall or on a difficult-to-landscape bank
EXPOSURE: Sun to partial shade
WATER: Moderately moist, well-drained soil; fairly drought tolerant once established
BLOOM PERIOD: Summer
HEIGHT: 6" - 12”      SPREAD: 3' - 5'

COMMENTS: Dark-green leaves; clusters of bright blue flowers; fall color is bronze-red; semi-evergreen in zone 9; can cut back in February to produce fresh foliage; deer resistant

Lindheimer Muhly     Muhlenbergia lindheimeri

USE: Ornamental grass; pink fading to tan; feather-like seed heads attractive to birds
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Low to moderate water usage
BLOOM PERIOD: Fall
HEIGHT/WIDTH: 3' - 4’

COMMENTS: Extremely deer resistant; native

Maiden Grass     
Miscanthus sinensis

USE: Ornamental Grass
EXPOSURE: Sun
WATER: Low
BLOOM PERIOD: Winter
HEIGHT: 3' - 4'   WIDTH: 3' - 4'

COMMENTS: Many cultivars of Miscanthus sinensis; old foliage should be cut back to the ground at end of winter before new growth starts

Maiden Grass (Varigated)   
Miscanthus sinensis 'Variegatus'

USE: Ornamental Grass
EXPOSURE: Sun
WATER: Low
BLOOM PERIOD: Winter
HEIGHT: 3' - 4'   WIDTH: 3' - 4'

COMMENTS: Many cultivars of Miscanthus sinensis; old foliage should be cut back to the ground at end of winter before new growth starts

Mealy Blue Sage    
Salvia farinacea

USE: Native, perennial plant
EXPOSURE: Sun/part shade
WATER: Low; loves thin limestone soil
BLOOM PERIOD: Three to nine-inch flower spikes bloom April to frost,
HEIGHT/WIDTH: 2' - 3' feet

COMMENTS: Available in bright blue, purple-blue and white; excellent in flower beds or patio pots; silver fuzz on stems and leaves gives it the “mealy” name; deer resistant


 

Mexican Bush Sage    
Salvia leucantha

USE: Perennial
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Extremely drought tolerant; needs well-drained soil
BLOOM PERIOD: Purple and while flowers summer and fall
HEIGHT: 3' - 5'   WIDTH: 3' - 5'

COMMENTS: Prune back to six inches after first frost; deer-resistant; good, reliable bloomer throughout the summer; a harder-to-find variety features solid purple blooms


 

Mexican Feather Grass    
Nassella tenuissima

USE: Perennial ornamental grass
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: After established, survives on natural rainfall
BLOOM PERIOD: Leaves are silky green in spring and buff-colored in fall
HEIGHT: 1' - 2'     WIDTH: 1' - 2'

COMMENTS: Does well in high PH soil; good for natural or rock gardens; shear in late winter for fuller growth

Mexican Mint Marigold    
Tagetes lucida

USE: Flowering culinary herb often substituted for tarragon
EXPOSURE: Full sun to partial shade
WATER: Low; heat and drought tolerant
BLOOM PERIOD: Late summer, early fall
HEIGHT: 2' - 3'    WIDTH: 2' - 3'

COMMENTS: Very deer-resistant; many gardeners grow it just for the flowers; fragrant

Mexican Oregano    
Poliomintha longiflora

USE: Evergreen low shrub
EXPOSURE: Full sun to partial shade
WATER: Low; drought and heat tolerant
BLOOM PERIOD: Summer to fall
HEIGHT: 3' - 4'    WIDTH: 4'

COMMENTS: Leaves are edible; can be used in place of oregano; will sprawl if not pruned; cut back to half after first bloom and cut to six inches after frost browns the leaves

Mexican Petunia, Dwarf    
Ruellia brittoniana

USE: Flowering shrub
EXPOSURE: Full sun to partial shade
WATER: Moderate
BLOOM PERIOD: Late spring to frost
HEIGHT: 2'     WIDTH: 3'

COMMENTS: Blue, pink, and white bloom varieties; can be invasive; keep contained

Mountain Laurel, Texas  
Sophora secundiflora

USE:
Specimen plant in landscape; evergreen; densely flowered racemes of lavender to violet flowers that attract bees
EXPOSURE: Sun to part shade
WATER:
Very low; drought- resistant after established
BLOOM PERIOD:
Spring
HEIGHT:
10' - 20’   WIDTH: 8' - 12'
 
COMMENTS:
Native to Texas; showy flowers with strong grape bubble gum fragrance; propagate from seed; poisonous seeds; needs good drainage; occasional caterpillar problem; slow grower; prune for shape only or to raise canopy; deer resistant

Mule Pinks    
Dianthus barbatus x caryophyllus

USE: Great evergreen edging plant with attractive dark blue-green foliage and brilliant pink, clove-scented flowers
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Average water needs; water regularly, but do not over-water
BLOOM PERIOD: Early spring - mid-spring
HEIGHT: 12" - 18"    SPACING: 9" - 12"

COMMENTS: Hard-to-find, "historic" perennial related to the carnation; flowers are sterile thus the name "mule"; propagate by dividing the root ball

Mystic Spires Salvia    
Salvia longispicata X farinacea  'Mystic Spires Blue'

USE: Perennial; mixed garden plantings
EXPOSURE: Full sun to part shade
WATER: Low- to-medium water usage
BLOOM PERIOD:
HEIGHT: 18" - 36”   WIDTH: 2' - 3’

COMMENTS: Slightly smaller variety of Indigo Spires;, bluish-purple blooms; naturally compact and well-branched; prune back to 6” during late winter/early spring and again by 1/3 in mid-summer; extremely deer-resistant

Obedient Plant    
Physostegia angustifolia

USE: Flowering perennial
EXPOSURE: Sun or shade
WATER: Moderate
BLOOM PERIOD: Summer to fall
HEIGHT: 2' - 3'    WIDTH: 12"

COMMENTS: Cut back after flowering; in fertile areas divide every two years to prevent becoming invasive; individual flowers stems may be twisted and remain as arranged

Peach Tree, Harvester    
Prunus persica 'Harvester'

USE: Adapted, freestone variety
EXPOSURE: Sun/full sun
WATER: Normal to moist
BLOOM PERIOD: Blooms mid-spring
HEIGHT/WIDTH: 15' - 30'

COMMENTS: Most adaptable of all fruit trees for home gardens; bears first crop after 3 to 4 years; harvest from late June to early August

Pink Skullcap    
Scutellaria suffrutescens 'Texas Rose'

USE: Adapted; xeric; leaves are bright green; flowers are bright pink
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Drought tolerant; needs well-drained soil
BLOOM PERIOD: Spring through fall
HEIGHT: 6" - 12"     WIDTH: 12" - 18"

COMMENTS: Good in rock gardens, raised beds, front of bed as border; trouble-free; shear when needed; deer resistant

Pomegranate, Ornamental     Punica granatum 'Double Red'

USE: Ornamental deciduous shrub
EXPOSURE: Sun/part shade
WATER: Low
BLOOM PERIOD: Spring to fall
HEIGHT: 5' - 10'     WIDTH: 4' - 6'

COMMENTS: Ornamental varieties bear insignificant, tart fruits; double blossoms resemble carnations; flowers on new growth; prune before new growth begins in spring

Prairie Flameleaf Sumac     Rhus lanceolata

USE: Native, large shrub, small tree
EXPOSURE: Sun
WATER: Low water, heat tolerant
BLOOM PERIOD: Summer
HEIGHT: Up to 30'     WIDTH: Up to 20'

COMMENTS: Deciduous; leaves are vivid red in fall; requires neutral to alkaline soil

Rose Geranium ‘Old Fashioned Rose’    
Pelargonium graveolens ‘Old Fashioned’

USE:  Xeriscape; grown for its rose scent; used in sugars, jellies, desserts; in potpourris, sachets, flower arrangements; attractive to bees, butterflies and birds
EXPOSURE: Full sun to partial shade
WATER: Average water needs; do not over-water; drought tolerant
BLOOM PERIOD: Lovely blooms; but not showy
HEIGHT: 24" - 36”  WIDTH: 18" - 24"

COMMENTS: Larger varieties can tolerate winter temperatures in the upper 30s with heavy mulch; may want to over-winter in pots; cut back hard; will come back in spring; propagated from tip cuttings


Rosemary, upright or trailing     
Rosmarinus officinalis

USE: Evergreen perennial
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Moderate; does not tolerate over- or under-watering
BLOOM PERIOD: Pale blue blooms on and off all year
HEIGHT: 3' - 4'    WIDTH: 3' - 4'

COMMENTS: Many varieties with many culinary and medicinal uses; extremely deer-resistant; cut back to prevent leggy look

Ruby Grass, 'Savannah'    
Melinus nerviglumis 'Savannah'

USE:  Ornamental grass for hot dry areas; low-maintenance edging plant or use in beds, containers
EXPOSURE: Full sun or part sun, but best suited to full sun
WATER: Medium water usage; well-drained soil, moist to slightly dry
BLOOM PERIOD: Fall
HEIGHT: 12" - 24"     SPACING: 10" - 18":

COMMENTS: Mauve-pink iridescent seed heads that sway above graceful blue-green foliage; will winter over in a bed that is really dry; perfect drainage a must


Russian Sage    
Perovskia atriplicifolia

USE: Woody flowering shrub
EXPOSURE: Sun
WATER: Low
BLOOM PERIOD: Summer to fall
HEIGHT: 3' - 4'   WIDTH: 3' - 4'

COMMENTS: Many-stemmed clump with flower panicles at ends of stem; foliage is finely cut gray-green scented leaves; in bloom it looks like a light purple haze; cut back in early spring
 

Salad Burnet    
Poterium sanguisorba

USE: Perennial culinary herb; leaves taste much like cucumber
EXPOSURE: Four to six hours sun
WATER: Dry soil is no problem
BLOOM PERIOD:  Small, purple flowers on spikes; keep the flowers cut off for best performance as culinary herb
HEIGHT/WIDTH: 12" - 18”

COMMENTS: In mild climates will grow into the winter months; comes back quickly in the spring; cut and use leaves often to keep them coming; does not dry well, but can freeze or use it in herb vinegar mixtures or salad dressings; easily grown from seed; not native; deer resistant

Salvia 'Hot Lips'    
Salvia microphylla 'Hot Lips'

USE: Native; flowers attract hummingbirds and butterflies; can be used as flower, ground cover or hedge
EXPOSURE: Part shade/full sun
WATER: Low water, drought and heat tolerant
BLOOM PERIOD: Blooms spring through fall
HEIGHT/WIDTH: 2' - 3'

COMMENTS: Salvia is the true name for sage as leaves are aromatic; flowers are white with red "lips"; cut back in January and July to encourage blooms; deer resistant

Santolina, Green/Green Lavender Cotton    
Santolina virens

USE: Aromatic, flowering bush; low mounding
EXPOSURE: Sun/part shade
WATER: Low; heat and drought tolerant
BLOOM PERIOD: Solitary, daisy-like bright yellow flowers on slender stems; mid to late summer
HEIGHT: 12" - 18"    WIDTH: 18" - 24" (sometimes wider if happy)

COMMENTS: Good edging plant; aromatic; deer resistant; native to Mediterranean; gray also available; may be short-lived (4 - 5 years)
 

Sedum/Stonecrop    
Sedum 'Autumn Joy'    

USE: Beds and borders; cut or dried flower
EXPOSURE:  Full sun/part shade
WATER: Low to medium
BLOOM PERIOD: August - November
HEIGHT:  18" - 24"   WIDTH: 18" - 24"

COMMENTS: Clumping perennial displays large plate-like flower clusters that start pink then turn rosy russet; succulent- looking leaves; non-native
 

Society Garlic    
Tulbaghia violacea

USE: Flowering plant, herb
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Average; do not over-water
BLOOM PERIOD: Blooms purple flowers mid-spring to mid-summer
HEIGHT: 12" - 18"    WIDTH: 12" - 18"

COMMENTS: Attractive, thin strap-like leaves; smells somewhat “skunky”; edible; used to flavor food; deer resistant; attracts bees and butterflies

Squid Agave    
Agave bracteosa

USE: Cactus/Succulent suitable for containers and small garden spaces
EXPOSURE: Sun to part shade
WATER: Once established needs only occasional watering
BLOOM PERIOD: Blooms only once after about 10 to 15 years, but does not die after blooming as other agaves do; flower is pale yellow
HEIGHT: 2' - 4'      WIDTH: 2' - 3

COMMENTS: Tolerates extremes of both cold and heat though likes part shade in extreme heat

Texas Betony    
Stachys coccinea ‘Ortega’

USE: Square-stemmed member of the herb family with intense fragrance makes strong show through summer
EXPOSURE: Shade to part morning sun
WATER: Drought tolerant once established
BLOOM PERIOD: Early spring until first hot weather; then again in fall
HEIGHT: 14" - 18"    SPACING: 12" - 18"

COMMENTS: Native perennial; needs well-drained soil; attracts hummingbirds; deer resistant

Texas Sage/Cenizo    
Leucophyllum frutescens

USE: Evergreen shrub
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Low
BLOOM PERIOD: Pink-purple blooms summer through fall often triggered by humidity or high soil moisture after rains
HEIGHT: 8'   WIDTH: 8'

COMMENTS: Extremely drought and heat tolerant; maintenance-free once established; must have full sun and very well-drained alkaline soil

Thryallis/Golden Showers    
Galphimia glauca

USE: Shrub, container plant
EXPOSURE: Full sun to partial shade
WATER: Average; water regularly; do not over-water
BLOOM PERIOD: Blooms spring to frost; bright yellow flowers
HEIGHT: 3' - 6'   WIDTH: 3' - 6'

COMMENTS: Evergreen although it dies down in especially harsh winters; modest water requirements; extra-long blooming period; low maintenance; highly deer-resistant; non-native but adapted
 

Thyme, French         
Thymus vulgaris

USE: Classic culinary thyme; perennial; can be used as border plant
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Low; drought tolerant; dry conditions concentrate aromatic oils
BLOOM PERIOD: Pale purple, small flowers May - August
HEIGHT: 4" - 12"     WIDTH: 18"

COMMENTS: Easy-care plant; not troubled by pests or disease; cut often for use and to keep plant compact; tolerates shallow, rocky soil; deer resistant

Thyme, Lemon    
Thymus x citriodorus

USE: Culinary herb with rich, lemon-scented leaves
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Low to medium; dry conditions concentrate aromatic oils
BLOOM PERIOD: Showy pale lilac flowers in summer
HEIGHT: 6' - 12"    SPREAD: 1' - 1.5'

COMMENTS: This thyme reaches peak fragrance just before blooming; leaves can be used fresh or dried; good border plant or in rock garden

Thyme, Silver    
Thymus x citriodorus 'Argenteus'

USE: Another lemon-scented culinary thyme; this one has gray-green leaves edged in silver; good contrast with green leaves of Thymus vulgaris; forms aromatic mound; good for border
EXPOSURE: Full sun
WATER: Low
BLOOM PERIOD: Lilac flowers in early summer
HEIGHT: 6" - 12"    SPREAD: 1' - 3'

COMMENTS: Fragrant, especially showy; attracts butterflies and bees; also good in herb gardens, rock gardens

Tropical Milkweed    
Asclepias curassavica

USE: Host plant for the Monarch butterfly and favorite nectar source for other butterflies
EXPOSURE: Full sun/partial shade
WATER: Low water usage; drought tolerant
BLOOM PERIOD: May - September
HEIGHT/WIDTH: 1' - 2'

COMMENTS: Member of milkweed family; bushy with yellow to orange flowers; likes well-drained sandy soil; deer resistant

Winecup    
Callirhoe involucrata

USE: Sprawling plant great for filling in between plants; larval host plant for Gray Hairstreak butterfly
EXPOSURE: Prefers full sun; sun or part shade
WATER: Low; water every 3 - 4 weeks if no rainfall; drought-tolerant; will go dormant in summer without supplemental water
BLOOM PERIOD: February through July
HEIGHT:   6-12”   WIDTH: 4' - 5’

COMMENTS: Perennial; likes gravel or sandy soils; grow from seed or from carrot-like tuber; deadhead to prolong the growing season; dies back in heat; trim to promote fall growth; cutback to rosette in winter

Winter Savory    
Satureja montana

USE: Evergreen, culinary herb; because it is easily pruned, winter savory makes a good border plant; blooms attract bees
EXPOSURE: Full sun or part shade
WATER: Low water use; well-drained soil
BLOOM PERIOD: June to August
HEIGHT: 18”    WIDTH: 2’

COMMENTS: White to lilac small blooms; grown easily from seeds; used to flavor poultry and meat, sausage and beans; sprawling growth habit; not native

Zexmenia    
Wedelia hispida

USE: Mostly evergreen Hill Country native
EXPOSURE: Full sun to partial shade
WATER: Low
BLOOM PERIOD: Spring to frost
HEIGHT: 1' - 3'    WIDTH: 1' - 2'

COMMENTS: Good xeric plant; deer-resistant; periodic shearing encourages repeat blooming

   Visit the Hill Country Master Gardener's Demonstration Garden at 3775 Highway 27 East next to the Kerr County Youth Event Center

   

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